Cocaine Abuse and Addiction
Cocaine, is a potent addictive stimulant drug. It comes in the form of powder , that can be ingested by snorting or injected as water dissolved substance. The street name for cocaine is “crack”, this form of cocaine comes in a rock crystal form, which is heated, and then smoked. The reason for this name is that, while cocaine rock is being heated it produces crackling sound. They ways cocaine is abused. There are several common ways of ingesting cocaine: via snorting, smoking, or by intravenously.
When cocaine is snorted, it is normally inhaled as a powder through the nose, and absorbed through the nasal tissue. Intravenous use of cocaine , is injected through a needle directly in to the bloodstream. Smoking cocaine, is associated with inhaling cocaine vapor or smoke in to the lungs, this form of ingesting is just as precipitated as injecting cocaine . It delivers cocaine in to the blood stream very quickly. Regardless of the forms of ingesting cocaine, it possess a great risk for addiction and other possible health problems, such as risk for HIV and hepatitis B and C infections. The Effects of Cocaine. Cocaine abusers experience the following effects while using this drug: increased energy, mental alert and awareness. The acuteness and the length of cocaine effects depends on the way this drug is administered.
A rapid absorption of cocaine in to a bloodstream produces the most intense high. In order to keep up the high, the addicts abuse cocaine in binges, taking it repeatedly within short intervals of time, and increasing their dosage. The Effects of Cocaine on the Brain. Due to a stimulant nature of cocaine, it mainly effects CNS (central nervous system), by elevating dopamine, a neurotransmitter that controls pleasure and movement in the brain’s reward function. Cocaine is responsible for disabling the dopamine deliverance, and disrupting a normal brain function. This excessive dopamine production, causes euphoric effects in the brain (extreme happiness).
The long term effects of this disruption, may lead to a serious addiction problem and high tolerance to the cocaine. The abusers have to constantly increase their dosage in order to get the same “pleasurable” effects, and that can lead to detrimental physical and psychological effects. Health Risks and Effects of Cocaine. Cocaine abuse can result in many harmful effects to the persons’ health. The Short-Tem Side Effects involve:
Body temperature rise;
Blood vessels blockage;
Irregular heart rate;
High blood pressure;
Headaches, abdominal pain and nausea.
Long-Term Side Effects involve:
Desensitized sense of smell and nosebleeds;
Difficulties swallowing and respiratory problems;
Severe gastrointestinal inflammations-due to decreased blood circulation;
Potential risk of contracting HIV and Aids due to unsanitized use of needles and needles sharing.
Mental health problems: depression, anxiety, paranoia, psychosis and hallucinations.
In more devastating cases, a continues cocaine drug abuse can lead to heart attack, stroke, seizure and sudden death. Cocaine Addiction Treatment Options. If cocaine abuser surrenders to a treatment either voluntary or via intervention, there are several treatment options available for a complete recovery. This may include an undergoing treatment at a Drug Rehab Center, that is individually designed for the drug abuser special needs. A medical treatment, may be combined with a cognitive-behavioral counseling, that centered on changing addict’s way of thinking, and learning coping skills to deal with life’s stress and other life-altering situations. After care includes relapse prevention support, to maintain drug free life.
Calling an Addiction Hotline is the best thing