Buprenorphine is a semi-synthetic opioid that is used to treat opioid addiction in higher dosages (>2 mg), to control moderate acute pain in non-opioid-tolerant individuals in lower dosages (~200 µg), and to control moderate chronic pain in dosages ranging from 20–70 µg/hour. It is available in a variety of formulations: Subutex, Suboxone (Buprenorphine HCl and naloxone HCl; typically used for opioid addiction), Temgesic (sublingual tablets for moderate to severe pain), Buprenex (solutions for injection often used for acute pain in primary-care settings), Norspan and Butrans (transdermal preparations used for chronic pain).
Buprenorphine hydrochloride was first marketed in the 1980s by Reckitt & Colman (now Reckitt Benckiser) as an analgesic, generally available as Temgesic 0.2 mg sublingual tablets, and as Buprenex in a 0.3 mg/mL injectable formulation. In October 2002, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of the United States also approved Suboxone and Subutex, buprenorphine’s…
Many people find themselves in the unfortunate and often dire situation while facing substance abuse problems or addiction. Many individuals with drug abuse problems are often embarrassed to admit they have it, and avoid asking for help. Making an anonymous call to a drug rehab hot line may be the first step you make to get the information you need for your substance abuse problem. Getting the right information can often save lives of those struggling with this chronic disorder. When you call a drug rehab hot line you will speak with a certified professional who is able to handle the call, and advise you on how to get help. A counselor will listen and speak to you in a friendly and non-judgmental manner. The purpose of the call is to get you or your love one to the right drug rehab professional who specializes in your particular substance abuse problem.
If you are calling about your friend, boyfriend, husband, son or daughter, you can also learn some basics about addiction problem, and how to understand and deal with it.
Learning and understanding addiction as a disease, and a mental health disorder can help you identify what you or your loved one is going through. It is often mistakenly assumed that drug abusers luck moral principles and will power, and that they can stop using drugs any time they choose to. However, addiction is a complex disorder that takes more than a strong desire to quit. Drugs cause the brain function to change in the way that it makes impossible for a person to stop using on their own.
A substance Abuse Treatment involves several stages:
1. Intervention. The individuals who need drug or alcohol rehab treatment are usually the last to realize the problem, and the last to search for appropriate help. Alcohol and drug interventions involves a close circle of family and friends, intervention specialist, and the loved one who suffers from substance abuse problem. The goal of intervention is to educate and confront addict about his or her addiction problem, achieve willingness of the loved ones to receive help. Read more →
Opiates, is the class of drugs that include the following substances : heroin, morphine, and some prescription painkillers (OxyContin, Vicodin, and Fentanyl). Opiates act on brain receptors that regulate pain and emotions. Opiates as a general class of drugs have substantial abuse tendency.
There are certain addiction medications that have been proven to help patients with opiates addiction.
Medical treatment strategies for opiate addiction have evolved since the 1950’s, when methadone was first used to aid withdrawal. Methadone maintenance programs, in which patients are given methadone, another opiate, as a substitute for the drug of dependence, have been a mainstay of opiate addiction treatment for decades. Now other drugs, like buprenorphine, are given in a similar way to be a substitute for the drug of addiction. For the majority of patients this is not an acceptable alternative, because the physical dependence continues, and is often a lifelong commitment. For most patients, the goal of treatment is complete abstinence.
Federal drug officials warn doctors, one in 3,000 people who take opiates for pain become addicted. The body gets accustomed to the drug and begins to tolerate it. If the root cause of the pain does not heal, the person will have to take more and more of the drug to feel relief. Read more →