Cocaine (benzoylmethylecgonine) (INN) is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. The name comes from “coca” and the alkaloid suffix -ine, forming cocaine. It is a stimulant, an appetite suppressant, and a topical anesthetic. Biologically, cocaine acts as a serotonin–norepinephrine–dopamine reuptake inhibitor, also known as a triple reuptake inhibitor (TRI). It is addictive because of its effect on the mesolimbic reward pathway.
Unlike most molecules, cocaine has pockets with both high hydrophilic and lipophilic efficiency, violating the rule of hydrophilic-lipophilic balance. This causes it to cross the blood–brain barrier far better than other psychoactive chemicals.
It is illegal to possess, grow, or distribute cocaine for non-medicinal and non-government-sanctioned purposes in almost every country. Still it is consumed extensively throughout the world.
Cocaine is a powerful nervous system stimulant. Its effects can last from 15–30 minutes…
Increasing rates of amphetamine and cocaine usage by young adults significantly boost their risk of stroke, with amphetamine abuse associated with the greatest risk, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center report.
In the study, available online in the Archives of General Psychiatry, UT Southwestern physicians examined more than 8,300 stroke patients – ranging in age from 18 to 44 – at more than 500 Texas hospitals in the years 2000 through 2003.
Cocaine, is a potent addictive stimulant drug. It comes in the form of powder , that can be ingested by snorting or injected as water dissolved substance. The street name for cocaine is “crack”, this form of cocaine comes in a rock crystal form, which is heated, and then smoked. The reason for this name is that, while cocaine rock is being heated it produces crackling sound. They ways cocaine is abused. There are several common ways of ingesting cocaine: via snorting, smoking, or by intravenously.