The psychological urge to consume a substance and the relentless feeling of dependence on that substance leads to addiction. Such addiction is also known as drug or substance addiction. Substances which affect the nervous system of the body are more likely to cause addiction. Some examples of such substance are caffeine, nicotine, alcohol, stimulants, anti depressants, pain relievers, and morphine among others.
The addiction is faster and more in case the substance is inhaled or injected. With regular administration of such drugs, the body develops a tolerance level to the drug so much so that once the individual decides not to consume the substance; there are severe withdrawal symptoms in the body. The withdrawal symptoms can range from headache to dizziness to increase in blood pressure and heart rate. At times such withdrawal symptoms can also be fatal and thus de-addiction should always be gradual and under medical supervision.
Addiction not only affects the physical health of the individual but it also affects the mental, emotional and financial health of the individual while creating a menace for the society and the well wishers. Thus, addiction should be immediately treated. The treatment gives better results in case the individual realizes the consequences and willingly wants to come out of such addiction. Depending on the substance of addiction, quantity and duration of such substance addiction, and the individual’s health and age factors, the treatment of addiction can range from out-patient facility to in-patient facility.
Anything in excess has its own repercussions whether it is sleep or food. And in case it is something which can affect the nervous system of an individual’s body which gradually affects the functioning of the brain, then it is all the more harmful in more than one ways. Drug abuse or substance abuse and gradual addiction to the substance or the drug does the same. It directly affects the nervous system of the body which in turn reduces the pace in which the brain reacts to a particular stimulus.
Addiction can be defined as a compulsive craving by an individual to consume a particular substance even though the individual realizes and understands its consequences. Addiction is prevalent in cases of substances which affect the nervous system such as caffeine, alcohol, pain relievers, stimulants, anti depressants, morphine, marijuana and many such substances. Addiction is stronger in case the substance is inhaled or injected in the body.
Addiction to anything beyond control is harmful. It not only harms the individual but affects the society at large. Specifically when addiction is to a harmful substance, it is even more harmful. Such addiction is also known as substance or drug abuse or addiction. This substance abuse goes to an extent that the patient has a compulsive urge to consume the substance even when that individual knows that such a substance harms the physical, metal, financial and emotional health of the individual.
The compulsive urge is so severe that in case the individual wishes to come out of such addiction, there are grave withdrawal symptoms. Such symptoms can range from headaches, dizziness to severe rise in blood pressure and heart beat rate. At times, the withdrawal symptoms can also go out of hand and prove to be fatal for the individual.
When an individual feels a great urge to consume a particular thing even after knowing that the particular thing is not only affecting his physical health, but also his mental, emotional, financial and spiritual health apart from creating nuances for the society he lives in, he is surely under the addiction of that thing. Thus, such addiction is better known as substance addiction or drug addiction. Drugs which individuals most commonly get addicted to include stimulant, anti depressants, nicotine, alcohol, pain relievers, marijuana, and several other substances which directly affects the nervous system of the individual.
Though the individual might feel that the drug relieves him of his pain, the substance ideally lowers the pace in which the brain functions. There is another crude fact associated with drug and substance addiction. Addiction happens over time with repeated usage of the substance. But even with repeated usage especially in case of alcohol consumption, the individuals might not get addicted to the same. Basically the tendency to get addicted can be traced back to certain traits such as a disturbed and neglected childhood, a psychological trauma in the past such as stress or depression, or a family history of drug addiction. Addiction is much more if the substance is injected or smoked rather than when it is consumed orally.