On average, it takes about 1 hour for your body to break down 1 unit of alcohol. However, this can vary, depending on: your weight whether you’re male or female your age how quickly or slowly your body turns food into energy (your metabolism) how much food you have eaten the type and strength of the alcohol whether you’re taking medication and, if so, what type It can also take longer if your liver isn’t working normally.
Adding up your units
If you drink a large (250ml) glass of wine, your body takes about 3 hours to break down the alcohol.
If you drink 1 pint of beer, your body takes about 2 hours to break it down, 1 pint of strong lager is equivalent to 3 units, so this will take longer.
However, this time can vary, depending on the factors mentioned above.
If you have a few drinks during a night out, it can take many hours for the alcohol to leave your body. The alcohol could still be in your blood the next day.
This means that if you drive the day after an evening of drinking, you could be over the legal alcohol limit. For more information, see How much alcohol can I drink before driving?
Know your units
To reduce the risk of harming your health if you drink most weeks:
- men and women are advised not to regularly drink more than 14 units a week
- spread your drinking over 3 days or more if you drink as much as 14 units a week
- it’s a good idea to have several alcohol-free days each week
Read more about the risks of drinking too much.
- How much alcohol can I drink before driving?
- Risks of drinking too much alcohol
- Alcohol misuse
- Drinking and alcohol